Instituto Cervantes

Some Basic Information About Madrid

Simbol of Spanish Capital Madrid Bear with Strawberry tree

        The symbol of Madrid

Facts about Madrid: 

  • Madrid became the capital of Spain in 1561
    Visit Spanish Capital Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid Spain
           Prado Museum - Fron View
  • Madrid’s population is 3.27 million (2010)
  • The symbol of the city is a bear nuzzling a strawberry tree (madroño) 
  • Madrid covers 505.000km2 of land and is 646m above sea level
  • Madrid is characterized by intense cultural and artistic activity and a very lively nightlife
  • It is the headquarters for Public Administration, Government, Spanish Parliament and the home of the Spanish Royal Family
  • It plays a major role in both the banking and industrial sectors

Short history of Madrid:

The grand metropolis of Madrid can trace its origins to the times of Arab Emir Mohamed I (852-886), who ordered the construction of a fortress on the left bank of the Manzanares River. Later it became the subject of a dispute between the Christians and Arabs until it was conquered by Alonso VI in the 11th century. At the end of the 17th century, a defensive wall was built for the protection of the new outlying areas, tracing the roads of Segovia, Toledo and Valencia. During the 18th century, under the reign of Carlos III, the great arteries of the city, such as the Paseo del Prado and Paseo las Acacias, were designed.

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